Anwalt Deutschland Fachanwalt deutsch German Lawyer Germany English language Attorney-at-law English Lawyer germany french advocat francais allemagneFrench Attorney in Germany spanish language abogado alemania Spanish Attorney/ Lawyer in Germany Italian language avvocatto germania Italian Lawyer/ Attorney Germany Portuguese language advogado Alemanha Portuguese Polish speaking Lawyer/ Attorney in Germany adwokat Niemcy Polish Japanese speaking Lawyer/ Attorney in Germany Bengoshi Doitsu Japanese Attorney/ Lawyer Vietnamese language luat suVietnamese Korean speaking lawyer/ attorney in Germany, EuropeKorean Chinese language Lawyer/ Attorney in Germany/ EuropeChinese Lawyer/ Attorney russian speaking advokat Germaniya Russian

 

Attorney-at-Law Michael Horak, graduate engineer (Electrical Engineering), LL.M. (European Law) Julia Ziegeler, Attorney-at-law Attorney Umberg, LL.M., M.A. Andree Eckhard, Patent Attorney Katharina Gitmann, Attorney-at-law Karoline Behrend, Attorney-at-law Johanna K. Müller-Kühne, PhD, Patent Attorney Andreas Friedlein, Attorney-at-law John Bühler, Attorney-at-law Stefan Karfusehr, Attorney-at-law

horak.
Attorneys at law

 

 

Locations  Berlin  Bielefeld  Bremen  Düsseldorf  Frankfurt  Hamburg  Hanover  Munich  Stuttgart  Vienna
Overview  Practice  IP Law  Patent Law  Trademark Law  Law Office  Trademark Application  Patent filer  Sample Texts  German Acts  Court Rulings  Contact  Imprint  Privacy Policy  Links
ip attorney germany lawyer attorney law office germany german law european law patent law design law trademark law copyright law german law ip specialist media law music law film law event law entertainment law contracts license agreement draft contract under german law  hannover prosecution infringement patent trade name copyright reseller contract attorney patent law  utility model law unfair competition law anti trust lawyer
file trdaemark application patent application design application lawyer patent trademark attorney trademark searches similiarity search opposition file an infingement suit germany german attorney ip specialist copyright specialist food law plant law patent lawyer domain law internet law it law computer law

patents-trademarks-copyright-europe law lawyer german law german lawyer german attorney trade mark law patent law utility model law design law

ip-lawyer it lawyer attorney for patents trade specialist ip attorney  marks germany european lawyer trademark european community mark ct ect law europen patent office germany representation

ohim euipo representative german patent office munich lawyer germany ip attorney patent lawyer trademark lawyer patent attorney german patent attorney epo eurpean patent office reprsentation law firm european patent german patent austrian patent office intellectual property design lawyer copyright law trademark law patent attorney trademark attorney design attorney

... Start ... Overview ... Practice ... IP Law ... Copyright Law
Start
General Terms and Conditions
Overview
Law Office
Jobs
Attorneys Fees
Michael Horak, LL.M., Attorney-at-law
Julia Ziegeler, Attorney-at-law
Anna Umberg, LL.M., M.A., Attorney-at-law
Andree Eckhard, Patent Attorney
Katharina Gitmann, Attorney-at-law
Karoline Behrend, Attorney-at-law
Johanna K. Müller-Kühne, PhD, Patent Attorney
Andreas Friedlein, Attorney-at-law
John Bühler, Attorney-at-law
Stefan Karfusehr, Attorney-at-law
Practice
IP Law
Patent Law
Patent Application
Utility Model Law
Design Law
Trademark Law
Domain Law
Semiconductor Topographies
Plant Varieties and Seeds
Know-How Law
Copyright Law
Forms
Licence Law
Computer Law
Online Law
E-Commerce
E-Contract
Software Law
Media Law
Antitrust Law
Advertising Law
Competition Law
EC Competition Law
Vergleich
Admonishment
Admonishment-Sample
Foodstuffs Law
Pharmaceutical Law
Telecommunications Law
Commercial Law
Company Law
Plc Law
Small Stock Company
International Law
IR-Trademarks
Public Procurement Law
Fiscal and Economic Offences Law
Research
IP Search
IP Monitoring
Domain Research
Economic Research
Information Brokerage
Sample Texts
Forms and Sample Agreements
Confidentiality Agreement
Memorandum of Association
Contractual Clauses
Jurisdiction Clause
Return Right
German Acts
Patent Act
Trademark Act
Copyright Act
Employee Inventions Law
Competition Act
Teleservices Act
Court Rulings
Patent law
BGH-software-patent
Trademark law
BGH-Bonus2
BGH-ac-pharma
BGH-Blendaxpep
BGH-Acceleration-fee
BGH-Fuenfer
OLGFFM-alcon.de
BGH-LOGO
KG-toolshop
Trademark Orange
ECFI-Aurelia
Competition law
BGH-answer-obligation
BGH-Handy for 0
BVerfG-Benetton
OLG-Celle-anwalt-hannover-de
Computer Law
Mitwohnzent
OLGHH-stockexchangedata
OLGHH-Kulturwerbung.de
BGH-Mitwohnzentrale
BGH-Maxem
BGH-Paperboy
Food law
OLGCelle 13O320aus98
Copyright law
BGH-Urteil-Marlene Dietrich
OLGBS-Beschwerdewert-Auskunft
ECJ-Sony Falcon
Antitrust Law
BGH-Hörgeräteakustik
Employment Law
Attorneys Ethics law
AnwG-Taetigkeitsschwerpunkt
OLGStuttgart-Vanity-Nummer
BVerfG1BvR335aus97
Pharmaceutical Law
Telecommunications Law
inter
Contact
Enquiry
Power of Attorney
Download
Imprint
Privacy Policy
Links
Associations
Official Authorities
Universities
Legal Issues
Miscellaneous
Locations
Berlin
Bielefeld
Bremen
Düsseldorf
Frankfurt
Hamburg
Hanover
Munich
Stuttgart
Vienna

 

horak.
Attorneys at Law Hannover
Lawyers
Patent Attorneys
Georgstr. 48
30159 Hannover (Headquarter)
Germany
Fon +49 511.35 73 56-0
Fax +49 511.35 73 56-29
info@iprecht.de  
hannover@iprecht.de
 
horak.
Attorneys at Law Berlin
Lawyers
Patent Attorneys
Wittestraße 30 K
13509 Berlin
Germany
Fon +49 30.403 66 69-00
Fax +49 30.403 66 69-09
berlin@iprecht.de
 
horak.
Attorneys at Law Bielefeld
Lawyers
Patent Attorneys
Herforder Str. 69
33602 Bielefeld
Germany
Fon +49 521.43 06 06-60
Fax +49 521.43 06 06-69
bielefeld@iprecht.de
 
horak.
Attorneys at Law Bremen
Lawyers
Patent Attorneys
Parkallee 117
28209 Bremen
Germany
Fon +49 421.33 11 12-90
Fax +49 421.33 11 12-99
bremen@iprecht.de
 
horak.
Attorneys at Law Düsseldorf
Lawyers
Patent Attorneys
Grafenberger Allee 293
40237 Düsseldorf
Germany
Fon +49 211.97 26 95-00
Fax +49 211.97 26 95-09
duesseldorf@iprecht.de
 
horak.
Attorneys at Law Frankfurt/ Main
Lawyers
Patent Attorneys
Alfred-Herrhausen-Allee 3-5
65760 Frankfurt-Eschborn
Germany
Fon +49 69.380 79 74-20
Fax +49 69.380 79 74-29
frankfurt@iprecht.de
 
horak.
Attorneys at Law Hamburg
Lawyers
Patent Attorneys
Colonnaden 5
20354 Hamburg
Germany
Fon +49 40.882 15 83-10
Fax +49 40.882 15 83-19
hamburg@iprecht.de
 
horak. 
Attorneys at Law Munich
Lawyers
Patent Attorneys
Landsberger Str. 155
80687 Munich
Germany

Fon +49 89.250 07 90-50
Fax +49 89.250 07 90-59
munich@iprecht.de
 
horak.
Attorneys at Law Stuttgart
Lawyers
Patent Attorneys
Königstraße 80
70173 Stuttgart
Germany
Fon +49 711.99 58 55-90
Fax +49 711.99 58 55-99
stuttgart@iprecht.de
 
horak. 
Patent Attorneys Vienna
 
Trauttmansdorffgasse 8
1130 Vienna
Austria
Fon +43 1.876 15 17
Fax +49 511.35 73 56-29
vienna@iprecht.de

 

Copyright law

  • What is a copyright?
  • What can be protected by copyright?
  • What cannot be protected?
  • What is the duration of a copyright?
  • How does a copyright come into being?
  • Are copyrights transferable?
  • An author owns his “words” and not his ”books”.
  • What is the relevance of the copyright notice?

What is a copyright?

Copyright is an exclusive right to copy a literary, musical, artistic or other original. The usual prerequisite for a copyright is a personal intellectual creation. Protection covers works of literature, science and art. These include sound recordings, pictures and performances of an artist as well as e.g. software. As far as the latter is concerned, however, there are special regulations within the Copyright Act. The contents of a domain can be protected by copyright. This does not regard the software the contents are created with, but the way the website is presented.

The term “copyright” does not, however, comprise all aspects of what copyright means. The protection offered does not only deal with the legitimacy of a copy. Similarly, public performance, distribution, translation, alternation and so on of the work as a whole or any substantial part of it are also protected. Furthermore, when looking at them in detail, there are differences between Anglo-American copyright law and its German counterpart, the “Urheberrecht”, which is often referred to by the English term. (Differences include, especially, the so-called personality copyright in German law, which is not transferable, the way in which employees are treated).

What can be protected by copyright?

A copyright protects personal intellectual creations from numerous areas such as literature, drama, music, art, architecture, film and others. Scientific representations are also protected, i.e. sketches, plans, maps and drawings. A personal intellectual creation requires the so-called degree of creation (whereas in the Anglo-American law merely “skill and labour” are expected). It is impossible to handle the question schematically whether this degree of creation exists; even courts decide variously on this matter.

Copyright can also apply to software. So called accomplishments protection rights (not relating to law on competition) are regulated in the Copyright Act as well and concern e.g. data banks.

What cannot be protected?

Ideas as such are not protected, neither by copyright, nor in any other way, according to the principle that “thoughts are free”. It is only a concrete expressive form of an idea that can obtain protection by copyright. An author of a book on German history might have copyright protection for his book. He cannot, however, prohibit the “idea” of a work on German history. Similarly, a person who converts a certain idea of an internet company into reality by means of a personal intellectual creation enjoys protection by copyright for the homepage thus created. The idea as such can be used otherwise, though.

Protection by copyright does not usually cover the title (title protection is possible under trademark law), names, slogans (still disputable) and similar short terms. Mass articles of average „originality” are not protected, either, due to an insufficient degree of creation.

What is the duration of a copyright?

A copyright is usually effective during the lifetime of the author and 70 years after his death. In case of joint authorship the author who lives longest is decisive.

How does a copyright come into being?

In Germany, just as in many countries nowadays, protection by copyright is guaranteed automatically, when the legal requirements are fulfilled. Entry in the register is not necessary and no official fees must be paid (it is in principle recommended to deposit a work as evidence for the purpose of proving authorship).

Are copyrights transferable?

Exploitation rights are in principle transferable. „Copyright” cannot, however, be sold, since the so-called personality copyright remains always with the author.

As far as the transfer of exploitation rights in favour of the author is concerned, the Copyright Act assumes that in case of doubt he will only transfer what is necessary in order to comply with the contract (purpose transfer theory).

As far as the granting of exploitation rights is concerned, so-called licences play a central role, which cover a wide range of legal, factual and financial regulations.

An author owns his “words” and not his “books”.

Authorship is not synonymous with ownership. An author of a book has an intangible (intellectual) right to it. This means that illegal copies of a book do not “belong” to its author. Nonetheless, he can enforce their destruction.

What is the relevance of the copyright notice?

Such an indication is recommended on every piece of work which is suitable for it, since it leads to a so-called shift in the burden of proof. This means that it is not the author of the work labelled with such a notice, but the third party, who has to prove authorship.

 

ip-attorney-ip-lawyer german law german lawyer patent law patent application file patent lawyer print trademark-law-patent-domain-design-utility-model-europe design law eu design community design law design right international design save law-of-technics-multi-media-law-german-business-lawyerback european-trademark-protection-german-trademarks-european-lawenquiry